There are many different areas and types of counseling that you can pursue. Each type of counseling will require a specific college degree and certification. It is important to consider this when applying to grad school and getting certified. Here is a quick overview of the different types of counselors.
General Counselors: General counselors handle a variety of issues people face in their day-to-day. These include workplace problems, relationship issues, time management, anxieties, substance abuse, and the likes. Their treatment plans help individuals cope with these issues and try to overcome them.
School Counselors: School counselors focus on student issues and work with students from kindergarten through college. They are primarily considered with issues students face that may impact their education. This includes learning disabilities, self-image issues, peer pressure and bullying, substance abuse, and more.
Pastoral Counselors: Pastoral counselors combine psychology and religion to provide patients with emotional and spiritual support. This type of counseling brings psychology into faith-based roles and organizations. These counselors work with people who are looking for religious or spiritual guidance, struggling with their faith, suffering from disease, and so on.
Recreational Counselors: Recreational counselors work with people who have been injured and want to become healthy and active. These counselors help patients with their physical conditions as well as their mental and emotional state.
Rehabilitation Counselors: Rehabilitation counselors work with individuals who have long-term physical, mental, or emotional issues and disabilities. These counselors help their patients adjust by teaching them techniques to manage their existing limitations.
Mental Health Counselors: Mental health counselors focus on issues impacting mental health. These include mental and personality disorders, obsessive behaviors, anxiety, depression, trauma, self-esteem issues, relationship issues, and more.
Marriage and Family Therapists: Licensed marriage and family therapists focus on a wide array of issues affecting family life. This includes development and behavioral issues, marital problems, domestic violence and abuse, substance abuse, and more.
Substance Abuse Counselors: Substance abuse counselors diagnose, assess, and develop treatment plans for patients suffering from substance abuse such as alcohol and drug addiction, gambling addiction, and eating disorders.